Can aromatherapy work if you have no sense of smell?

Posted: March 14, 2019 by Cristina Proano-Carrion

What happens if you have no sense of smell, does aromatherapy work? What a great question!

Yesterday I taught two aromatherapy classes at a local college and one of the students asked me that question which left me thinking.

Aromatherapy works with two very important senses, our sense of smell and our sense of touch. I call them “the senses of the heart” because we react to what we smell and what we touch with our emotions, more than with our logic. It’s easier for us to determine if we like or dislike a specific scent than to describe in words that scent.

Our sense of smell

In my classes, firstly, I ask my students how do you call a person who can’t see? Everybody knows the answer, blind.
Secondly, I ask them how do you call a person who can’t hear? The answer is deaf, right?
Now, how do you call a person who can’t smell? – Very, very seldom somebody knows the answer. Do you know the answer? The person who can’t smell is called anosmic.

Anosmia is a complete loss of the ability to smell. Some people lost their sense of smell as a consequence of a nasal condition or brain injury, while others are anosmic from birth.

What happens if you have no sense of smell?

An anosmic person, a person with no sense of smell is a person who has many disadvantages compared to those of us who can smell.

  • They can’t taste: Did you know that 80% of our sense of taste comes from our sense of smell?
    Our sense of taste can only determine the following flavors: salty, sour, sweet, bitter and umami. But when you can’t smell, you can’t tell the difference between a chocolate and a vanilla ice cream. It’s just sweet, no difference.
  • They are exposed to certain dangers – our sense of smell is like a radar, always telling if there are dangers around us  (e.g.,  smoke, gas, rotten food)
  • They may have a low sexual response: Our sense of smell is part of the limbic system of the brain, the area in the brain that is in charge of our memory, our sexual response, and our appetite control.
  • They tend to be more depressed: They feel that life is unenjoyable. Life is full of odors and tastes that they can’t enjoy.

The sense of touch

Another sense that people forget its importance is the sense of touch,  here are some reminders about how useful our sense of touch is:

  • Our sense of touch allows us to interact with each other and with our environment.
  • It has a significant role in emotional interaction between humans.
  • It’s the first sense we experience in the womb and the last one we lose before death.
  • Physical touch not only feels nice, but it’s also essential for our well-being.

Aromatherapy, combining the sense of smell and the sense of touch for complete well-being

Let’s put an example here:

Your partner is having difficulty sleeping, and before they go to sleep, you will give them a short massage on their neck, the soles of the feet and the solar plexus area with our Sleep Time Body Oil. The relaxing and sedative properties of the essential oils in this product, lavender, mandarin, marjoram, and palo santo, are going to be perceived by the olfactory receptors of your partner’s nose, therefore inducing a sense of rest, peace, and relaxation.

At the same time, your soft strokes on their skin, are allowing the same essential oils to penetrate through the different skin layers, to the blood vessels, to the rest of the body.

Now what if your partner has no sense of smell?

What if I tell you that even with no sense of smell, our body can perceive the benefits of these wonderful oils? Actually, essential oils are made out of-of many chemical compounds. Studies show that the detection of chemical odors isn’t limited to the nose, but other organs of the body, such as the skin, the heart, liver, and gut.

In conclusion, even with no sense of smell, the loving application of diluted essential oils into the skin, through massage, will produce a positive effect on the person. In other words, not only the person will receive the well know benefits of massage, but also, through this application, the essential oils can travel through the skin to our bloodstream, and interact with our olfactory receptors in our skin.

Moreover, you’ll find that many older adults have lost their sense of smell, however, they will be very receptive to receive a soothing massage on their hands, arms, feet, legs. Go ahead and give it a try, there’s nothing to lose here.

References: The Impact of Olfactory Disorders in the United Kingdom
Human Skin Can “Smell” Odors
TIL: You Can Smell Through Your Skin

Related articles on the Aroma Blog:
Your Sense of Smell Could Predict Your Life Span!

© 2019, S. Cristina Proano
This information is based on traditional use of aromatherapy and it does not intend to diagnose or treat any condition. This information should not be used as a substitute for medical counseling with a health care professional. No part of this article may be reproduced in whole or in part without the explicit written permission of Aromandina.


aphrodisiac essential oils

Rekindle your love life with aphrodisiac essential oils

Posted: January 5, 2019 by Cristina Proano-Carrion

In a relationship, it is always important to rekindle the flames of love and desire, to look for new adventures together that will help the couple maintain that spark of love and attraction. One of the easiest and most effective ways is the use of aphrodisiac essential oils to potentiate your love life.

Here’s a list of the aphrodisiac essential oils divided by scent types:

Spicy Scents

These oils are generally warm, like that seasoning that you add to your food for flavor. By using these oils, you are adding heat and spice to your relationship. In other words, these aromas not only warm the body but the emotions, revitalizing and igniting a loving encounter.

Black Pepper: Light again the flame of passion with this very hot aroma. *
Cardamom: Spicy, stimulates the mind and evokes our sexual nature.
Cinnamon: Stimulates the senses, calms the tension, helps us forget the setbacks of the day. *

Floral Scents

By nature, flowers are feminine, but both men and women can use them. The flowers awaken our sensual side, they allow us to connect better with our environment, help us to appreciate more intensely what we hear, touch, smell, and taste. Therefore, flowers help us feel more sensual and feminine, we can accept ourselves the way we are and release inhibitions.

Ylang-Ylang: Very aphrodisiac. It enhances libido and increases the attraction between lovers.
Rose: The flower of seduction, love, and forgiveness. Relieves the sadness of lost love while soothing painful feelings.
Jasmin: Sensual and seductive. It triggers passion between lovers.
Geranium: Improves the ability of intimate communication.
Clary Sage: Euphoric and profound. Helps to calm melancholy and stress.

Leafy Scents

We’re talking about leaves with intense aromas, those that keep the mind awake, those that promote physical and mental vitality, and help us keep fantasies alive. In ancient times, men used these leaves for war as well as for love.

Basil: Awakens a loving relationship that has been losing interest or intensity.
Laurel: Improves self-esteem, releases inhibitions.
Rosemary: Raises the moral, provides vitality, inspires us to appreciate the joy of love.

Rooty, earthy scents

When you see their color and consistency immediately you will know what we’re talking about: essential oils that smell like dirt. These oils help us to awaken the root and sensual chakras. This scent is powerful, penetrating, bold, never shy.

Patchouli: Stimulating, voluptuous and suggestive. It penetrates deeply into the emotions.
Vetiver: It helps eliminate fears and doubts: strengthening, sexual stimulant.
Ginger: It melts and warms up those emotions that are frozen or cold. It rekindles desire and revives passion.

Citrus scents

These are not aphrodisiac essential oils, they are what we call evocative. Citrus oils help us have a positive and optimistic attitude. When we combine them with the oils mentioned above, they give a very pleasant aroma to the blend.

Bergamot: It improves the lovers’ mood with its uplifting and refreshing aroma.
Orange: It puts us on the mood for joy and sensuality. It eliminates boredom.
Grapefruit: It intensifies feelings of confidence and positivism.

How to use them

One of the best ways is to diffuse your erotic essential oils with an aromatherapy diffuser, burner or nebulizer to create a romantic and sensual atmosphere. What is the environment you want to achieve? What is the purpose? What reactions do you want to produce? This intimate moment is a playful experiment for both of you. Talk to each other and choose together what is the aroma that best identifies you as a couple.

To complement the atmosphere, it’s time to get down to business by giving each other a sensual, gentle massage, not a deep tissue massage, but a massage to awaken the senses of touch and smell.

For this you need a romantic massage oil:

  • Take a bottle of Therapeutic Carrier Oil
  • Add a total of 50 drops of essential oil
  • To get a balanced mixture, choose a maximum of 4 essential oils.

*Black Pepper and cinnamon essential oils are irritating to the skin, it’s better to use them in the diffuser rather than in the massage oil.

Here’s an example of a romantic diffuser blend:

2 drops of black pepper
4 drops of bergamot
2 drops of rosemary
2 drops of clary sage

Here’s an example of a romantic massage oil:

15 drops of ginger
5 drops of jasmin
25 drops of orange
10 drops of basil
Add to 1 bottle of Therapeutic Carrier Oil

Start following these guidelines and bring the art of love-making to a whole another level.

Related Articles: How to Enhance Libido with Reflexology Exploring Exporing Patchouli Essential Oil
Benefits of Geranium Essential Oil

References: Aromantics by Valerie Ann Worwood
The Art of Sensual Aromatherapy by Nitya Lacroix

 © 2019, Cristina Proano-Carrion, Aromandina LLC
This information is based on traditional use of aromatherapy, and it does not intend to diagnose or treat any condition. This information should not be used as a substitute for medical counseling with a healthcare professional. No part of this article may be reproduced in whole or in part without the explicit written permission of Aromandina.

Aromatherapy — An Easy, Effective Way to Eliminate Stress!

Posted: September 17, 2018 by Cristina Proano-Carrion

Stress bombards us on a daily basis.  Whether you’re stressed out over that big work project, something your kids did, or the mess in the kitchen, it’s a miserable way to live.  You wind up feeling exhausted, getting a headache, and even suffering tummy troubles.

Luckily, though, there’s an easy way to knock stress right out of your life — aromatherapy!

People are always asking me which essential oils are best at combating stress, and the truth is, there’s no one-size-fits-all recipe that will fight every single type of stress you encounter during the day.  That’s why I came up with three different essential oil blends that can help you eliminate stress throughout the day — without making you feel groggy or foggy.Read more

Rosemary Can Increase Memory by 75%, Says Latest Research!

Posted: September 15, 2018 by Cristina Proano-Carrion

“Oops! I forgot”, is a common refrain and a very embarrassing one too – especially when you forget a loved one’s birthday or when a seemingly important task simply skips your mind. Maybe it is our stressful lifestyles or maybe we are just not attentive and alert enough to make a mental to-do list, but forgetfulness is something that most of us experience more often than we’d like. If you have been wondering what you can do to help yourself out of this annoying tendency, here’s something that will pique your interest.Read more

Essential oils for focus and concentration

Posted: September 6, 2018 by Cristina Proano-Carrion

Aromatherapy for Concentration

When I used to talk at a radio show in Ecuador, I would choose themes that would provide helpful tips to listeners.  During my experience, I discovered that as the first school trimester was coming close to its end, parents were nervous about their children failing the tests.  I talked about the benefits of using essential oils that not only stimulate the nervous system but are cephalic as well, meaning that they improve memory and concentration.  Hundreds of mothers tried out the essential oils and reported after the school exams that the oils definitely helped.

The essential oils for memory and concentration are:
Spearmint Essential Oil: restorative, strengthens memory, stimulates the mind
Peppermint Essential Oil: stimulates nerves and brain, improves concentration and study
Cardamom Essential Oil: fortifying, tonic of the brain and nervous system
Rosemary Essential Oil: clears the mind, sharpens the memory and boosts the nervous system

A solution for lack of focus and motivation

Based on that experience, I combined all those oils into a single product, Memory Essential Oil Blend

I tried it first when my son when he was in 4th grade and was having problems with his spelling tests. While he was learning and memorizing the spellings, he sniffed a tissue that had 2 drops of the Memory essential oil. The next day, right before school, he took a few sniffs of the oil again and carried the tissue to the exam room.  When the exam came along, he was able to identify with the familiar smell and relate it to the moments when he was studying. 

This helped him immensely in recalling what he had learned the previous day and gave his memory an instant boost. As a result of this simple therapy, he ended up with straight A’s in spelling. 
Now he is in college and Memory is part of his everyday routine at home. He puts 5 drops of the essential oil in an aromatherapy diffuser on his desk – this helps him focus without getting distracted. 

Another great help for focus and concentration is our Alert Body Mist if you have trouble staying alert during the day while you work or while you drive, just spray a couple of times on your face to help you gear up for day to day. This method can be beneficial for children with ADD and ADHD and to anybody needing some extra help with their concentration.

Related articles: 6 ‘Back to School” Aromatherapy Tips


© Cristina Proano-Carrion – All rights reserved.  This information on this blog is based on the traditional use of aromatherapy, and it does not intend to diagnose or treat any condition. This information should not be used as a substitute for medical counseling with a healthcare professional. No part of this blog may be reproduced in whole or in part without the explicit written permission of Aromandina.

Lavender oil for Skin Care

Posted: August 28, 2018 by Cristina Proano-Carrion

If you are interested in having an elastic skin, relaxed, without acne, there is nothing better than Lavender oil for skin care. Lavender essential oil will not only help you disinfect wounds and cuts, but it can also help treat acne, regenerate tissue and prevent wrinkles. Lavender is an oil idea for all skin types.

For its soothing, antiseptic, cytophylactic and anti-inflammatory properties, Lavender has proven to be one of the most effective essential oils in natural cosmetics, and here we give you a series of recipes and solutions for the most common skin conditions.

ACNE: Prepare a tonic by combining 4oz of distilled water with 30 drops of Lavender. Place this preparation in a container with spray. Essential oil and water do not mix so always shake well before spraying your face. Use this toner on clean skin, morning and evening.
Use a moisturizing gel for the face (which has no artificial ingredients), add 30 drops of Lavender to a 4oz bottle of gel and use this as your moisturizer.Read more

Palo Santo Essential Oil, Directly from Ecuador

Posted: August 17, 2018 by Cristina Proano-Carrion

Palo Santo Tree in the Galapagos Islands. A red-footed boobie is nesting here – Photo by Cristina Proano

Palo Santo Essential Oil (Bursera graveolens)

When I used to walk through the colonial streets of my hometown Quito, the sweet woody smell of the Palo Santo sticks sold outside the temples and churches immediately would lift up my spirit and invite me to quiet my mind from mundane thoughts. Palo Santo is burned in temples in Ecuador, just like burning incense,  as a symbol of the prayer of the faithful rising to heaven.

Palo Santo, or “Holy Wood,” is a tree that grows in the dry coastal areas of Ecuador like the Galapagos Islands. The wood has been used for centuries by the natives in my country as a spiritual remedy for purifying, cleansing, dispelling evil spirits, misfortune, and calamity.

Why the essential oil is so unique: It is said that the real value of this tree comes after its life, which can be up to 90 years. The tree does not release its essence, or essential oil until it has lain on the ground for 4-5 years after having died of natural causes. At this point, the tree gives freely of its essential oil.  In other words, to obtain its essential oil, a lot of patience is required, and the essential oil is beneficial for restlessness and nervousness.
Palo Santo Essential Oil has many therapeutic properties that make it a very sophisticated oil and the ingredient to many of my aromatherapy formulas: decongestant, purifying, uplifting, meditative, nervous system tonic, sedative.
Palo Santo combines well with Lavender, Mandarin, Clary Sage, Eucalyptus. Use it in your aromatherapy diffuser or dilute it with Carrier oil to apply topically.
There are many ways you to use Palo Santo, read all about it here: How to Use Palo Santo Essential Oil

Read more

Vibrational Aromatherapy: Individual Essential Oils – Part 2

Posted: July 22, 2018 by Cristina Proano-Carrion


Jasmine, more than any other oil, speaks to us for the unity of apparent opposites. Renowned for thousands of years as a powerful aphrodisiac, Jasmine is an equally potent aid to spiritual development. Jasmine brings together the strength and fiery dynamism we associate with Yang energy and the soft earthiness of Yin. With jasmine, we are helped to understand that there is no division between physical and divine love. Jasmine is thought to develop the artistic senses for some people, this may relate to their own creativity, for others it may make them more responsible for visual beauty, music, etc.


Juniper berry has been used as a ritual incense for thousands of years. It is a cleanser and detoxifier of both the physical body and the subtle bodies. It is particularly useful for clearing any negative energy that has accumulated, especially if this is through contact with other individuals with whom you do not feel in attunement.
Ideally, Juniper essential oil can be used as a ritual bath in which case the cleansing power of water itself can be invoked as well as the cleansing power of Juniper. If this is not possible, sprinkle one or two drops of Juniper oil on the palms of the hands and stroke them lightly over the surface of the physical body and/or even the aura. It is essential that in doing this, each stroke of the hands is taken right down to the ground, touching the earth and sweeping the negative energy away from the person needing to be cleaned.
Juniper can also be used for cleansing rooms and buildings of any unwanted energy. This is particularly helpful when moving into a new house, or if some unpleasant event has taken place in your home.Read more

Vibrational Aromatherapy: Individual Essential Oils – Part 1

Posted: July 16, 2018 by Cristina Proano-Carrion

Vibrational Aromatherapy: Here’s a list of the subtle effects of individual essential oils.


The green color of Bergamot oil suggests an affinity with the Heart Chakra, and this is a particularly valuable oil where the Heart Chakra is affected by grief. When experiencing grief many people close the Heart Chakra making them unable to give or receive love and the uplifting, calming and joyous effect of Bergamot oil can assist in healing and reopening this center once more to joy. Where the heart is already open, Bergamot can help an individual to radiate joy and healing to others. Green is a calming color, and this oil can be used on any of the chakras if heat, disturbance or agitation is present.

Black Pepper

The essential oil of Black Pepper is both a mental stimulant and a physical energizer. People who have a tendency to daydream or fall asleep during meditation can benefit from using Black Pepper.

Black Pepper also helps us to ‘get a move on’ at times when our lives feel stuck. It helps move blocks that can prevent the movement of energy from one chakra to another, especially between the Solar Plexus and Heart.

German Chamomile

The deep blue color of German Chamomile indicates its affinity to the Throat Chakra, for which it is both strengthening and soothing. Use it when there is a need for communication, for the truth to be spoken, but without anger or bitterness. Blue es a calming color generally, and Chamomile can be used to counteract agitation or overactivity in any chakra. Us it also to heal the aura wherever heat, redness, anger, etc. are present.

Atlas Cedarwood

Cedarwood has been used as incense since time immemorial in civilizations as diverse as Egypt and Tibet. It is still very actively used in Tibetan medicine and as a meditation aid by Tibetan Buddhists. It is thought to enhance spirituality and strengthen our connection with the Divine, and the wood was used in the construction of temples to symbolize this. It also helps us develop and maintain a sense of balance and control in our lives. In physical applications, Cedarwood is a powerful antiseptic and mucolytic (i.e., it breaks up catarrh) and we can see parallels in its subtle uses: helping us to cut through the ‘mental catarrh’ that can clog our minds.

Clary Sage

Clary Sage helps to bring us more closely in touch with the dream world, which can teach us so many spiritual lessons. Clary Sage seems to encourage vivid dreams, or it may be that it enhances dream recall. Smell Clary Sage before bedtime and before falling asleep focus on any problem or issue that needs clarification, with the conscious desire to receive help through dreaming. At the subtle level, we may think of Clary Sage as strengthening the inner eye and helping us to ‘see’ more clearly.


Cypress is helpful at times of transition such as career changes, moving home and other significant decisions. Cypress also helps with painful transitions such as bereavement or the ending of close relationships. The Latin word ‘sempervirens’ in its name ‘ever-living’ and refers to the evergreen leaves of the tree, but it may also be understood as referring to the afterlife, and both the Ancient Romans and the Egyptians dedicated this tree to their gods of death and the afterworld. For thousands of years Cypress trees have been planted in cemeteries, perhaps as a reminder of the life everlasting and the essential oil can be used to give comfort and strength at the time of death.


Physically, Eucalyptus oil is an excellent antiseptic and purifier, burnt or vaporized in sick rooms to cleanse the air and speed recovery, and to help prevent the spread of infection. Use it in the same way at a subtle level, to purge any place where there has been conflict, or anywhere where negative energies are felt.


Frankincense oil is associated with the highest spiritual aspirations. It was offered to the infant Christ in recognition of His Divinity, and it helps each of us to connect to that part of ourselves which is eternal and divine. Frankincense resin is one of the most ancient of the incenses, having been in use for at least 3,000 years. The essential oils are both more powerful and more subtle in action because of the absence of solid matter. Unlike many of the oils used in subtle aromatherapy, we do make use of at least some of the physical properties of Frankincense particularly when using it as a meditation aid. Frankincense can deepen and slow the breath, and this helps to bring the body and mind into a meditative state. This is valuable in all forms of meditation, not only awareness of the breath.

Frankincense helps break ties with the past, especially where these block personal growth. Use it in baths with the conscious intention of ‘washing away’ any old ties which feel like a hindrance.

Related articles:

Subtle aromatherapy
Essential Oils and Chakras Chart


Vibrational Healing by Deborah Eidson
The Fragrant Heavens by Valerie Ann Worwood
Subtle Aromatherapy by Patricia Davis 

© 2018, Cristina Proano-Carrion – aromatherapy blog. This information is based on traditional use of aromatherapy and it does not intend to diagnose or treat any condition. This information should not be used as a substitute for medical counseling with a health care professional. No part of this article may be reproduced in whole or in part without the explicit written permission of Aromandina.

Subtle Aromatherapy

Posted: July 7, 2018 by Cristina Proano-Carrion

Subtle aromatherapy is the use of essential oils in non-physical ways, it can be described as a form of vibrational healing, by drawing on the subtle, energetic or vibrational qualities of essential oils.
Some applications of essential oils that can be described as subtle Aromatherapy are auric massage,  chakra balancing, absent healing, planetary healing, meditation and ritual ceremony, and the use of oils to help personal growth on both the personality and the spiritual level.
Thanks to recent and ongoing research we now have a wealth of knowledge about the physical properties and actions of essential oils. Parallel with this increasing volume of factual information about physical aromatherapy has been a growing desire to know more about the non-physical effects of essential oils.

Subtle aromatherapy: How to use essential oils

Form a clear mental picture of the plant or plants whose oil you are about to use and try to carry that picture in your mind while you are working. Ground and center your own energies before you begin work.
Mix your chosen oil or oils in a carrier oil, as usual, but using a much lower dilution (0.5% – 1% rather than 2 – 3%) concentrate on light effleurage and long sweeping strokes. Let your hands come to rest on any area of the body that feels as if it needs special healing. Pay attention to the extremities: hand, feet, and head, drawing off any negative energy that may be present (remember to give your hands a brisk shake each time you do so). End by holding the feet for a minute or more, to ground their energy and allow a gentle return to everyday reality.

Choose a quiet time when you will not be disturbed. When you are ready to get into the water, add a mixture of five drops of oils with one tablespoon carrier oil.  Relax in the bath for 15-20 minutes, holding in your mind the result you wish to achieve by bathing in this way.  Don’t use this time for washing.  A ritual bath can be a way to mark the change from mundane activities to special ones, it can also be used to ‘clear’ after a bad experience. 


This is perhaps the most subtle of the traditional methods, as it involves only the aroma of the plant, representing its energy in the most refined form. We experience the essential oil in its gaseous state – the least solid form of physical matter. 
A valuable use of burners or diffusers is in preparing a room for meditation or healing, mainly if the room is generally used for different purposes.  You may even need to clear the atmosphere at a purely physical level, to unpleasant smells.  Another use of room perfuming is to ‘clean’ places where there has been an unpleasant event.  Arguments, fights or any kind of trauma can leave very negative vibrations.
Vaporized oils can also be used to enhance creativity.


Dis-ease manifests in the subtle body before any physical symptoms are apparent, and the ‘echoes’ of illness and accidents can remain within a person’s aura long after physical healing has taken place.  The same is true of emotional trauma.  Bringing the appropriate essential oils into the aura helps to restore harmony.
To give an auric massage, just put a drop of the chosen oil or oils on your hands (you don’t need carrier oil) and make gentle stroking movements at the level where you feel the energy connection. (Do not touch the skin)
Putting oil directly on the body is a very ancient practice, familiar to many religions and spiritual traditions.
Anointing can be used as a form of protection, by putting a few drops of an oil such as Rosemary, Juniper or Vetiver on the body before going into a threatening situation or a place where the current energy is unpleasant.
If anointing is being done for protection, apply the oil on the head and the solar plexus area.


Merely smelling an essential oil can dramatically change our state of awareness, and is often the best way to use essential oils to assist visualization or strengthen affirmations. Sniffing the oil directly from the bottle is often overpowering, so just putting a drop on a tissue is better.  A single drop is all that is needed: inhale it deeper before beginning a visualization, meditation or affirmation. Inhale deeply again at the end to anchor the experience.


Use essential oils that are not irritating to the skin. Less is always more.

When you use essential oils for their subtle properties, you will need far less than when you are looking for a physical effect.  As a general rule, the smaller the quantity of oils used, the more potent the subtle effect.
For example, in preparing an aromatic bath to sleep better, you would use 10 drops of essential oil. To prepare a bath for ritual cleansing, you should use 5 drops or less.

Use the very highest quality essential oils you can find.

Always work from your Higher Self. All healing or subtle work needs to be undertaken with a pure and altruistic motivation.

Also read: Essential Oils and Chakras Chart


Vibrational Healing by Deborah Eidson
The Fragrant Heavens by Valerie Ann Worwood
Subtle Aromatherapy by Patricia Davis 

© 2018, Cristina Proano-Carrion – aromatherapy blog. This information is based on traditional use of aromatherapy, and it does not intend to diagnose or treat any condition. This information should not be used as a substitute for medical counseling with a healthcare professional. No part of this article may be reproduced in whole or in part without the explicit written permission of Aromandina.

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I Am a Consumer
I Am a Spa/Wellness Professional


I Am a Consumer
I Am a Spa/Wellness Professional


I Am a Consumer
I Am a Spa/Wellness Professional